Tuesday, 26 March 2024 00:00

Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Bunions

Bunions, technically known as hallux valgus, are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe joint. They are caused by a structural problem within the foot bones, often the metatarsophalangeal, or MTP, joint. This causes the big toe to angle toward the second toe instead of pointing straight ahead, leading to discomfort and mobility issues. While genetics play a role in the development of bunions, factors like overpronation, foot injuries, arthritis, and nerve or muscle conditions can contribute to bunion development. Symptoms include pain, inflammation, and difficulty wearing certain shoes. Conservative treatment, like supportive footwear and pain-relieving medication, are initial options. Cortisone injections may be used for swelling and pain. However, when conservative measures fail, surgical intervention may be necessary to realign the joint and relieve pain. Bunion surgery is typically reserved for severe cases where pain and deformity persist despite other treatments. If you're experiencing bunion pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can provide personalized treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Wendy K. Stinson, DPM of New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Parsippany-Troy Hills, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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